Green Acres Academy
The client brief was to design a K-12 school in one of the Mumbai suburb’s. The key challenge was to provide for constructing the building in three phases and to ensure a non-rigid environment.
The fact that the school was going to be built in a phased manner over 5 to 8 years, presented an opportunity to design a building that grows.
The very high land rates in Mumbai coupled with regressive building regulations made it very challenging to introduce un-programmed spaces beyond the design program. It also implied a vertical school building. The challenge was to create a horizontal feel within the vertical environment.
Green Acres Design Concept
A child enters a school as a toddler and leaves as a teenager. It was important that the design remains valid for generations of children. It was also important that a school went beyond the 3 dimensions of space and catered to the 4th dimension of time.
The central block was conceived as column free space that housed the common facilities like laboratories, library etc. allowing flexibility to adapt to changing functional requirements. For the left and right wings the column structure followed the classroom grid. Together it ensured minimal cost of structural design. Further a split level was created by staggering the central bay level by 4’-0. This ensured two floors of classrooms could access common activities. The connecting staircase was planned not just as a means to access the levels but also allow children and teachers to pause, sit and synergize in an informal manner. The playful design and the colour treatment emphasized the informality of the space. The fact that a staircase is free of FSI in Mumbai, helped generate the additional space required for 5 divisions per standard to make the financial model viable. Strategically widened corridors, created pauses that further encouraged unplanned interaction.
For an education building, the minimum clear floor height as per the regulations was 3.6 meters. This allowed for providing for 3 toilets between two floors and allowing some freer floor space.
Green Acres Facade Concept
Following the Principles of Passive Climate Control
We innovated to balance environmental requirements with building bye-laws and created a striking design feature-length windows at different heights.
The façade design concept was based on the principles of passive climate control to optimize the use of natural light and ventilation by scientifically capturing and guiding wind through corridors and natural sunlight through the light shelves. The light shelf directly improves illumination levels inside room by 10-15 per cent as compared to window without light shelf.
The light shelves were an innovation that took advantage of the building bye laws that permitted only upto750mm deep horizontal projections free of FSI to reflect glare free sunlight deep into the classroom and provide a cost effective visual feature on the façade. The 3 bands of windows allow for bringing in the light and wind and offering views as desired. The light shelves enable natural light to penetrate deep inside the rooms.
The ribbon windows made casting of RCC chajjas a cumbersome process. So four 6” long hollow box Al. sections were connected with tongue and groove joints to create the horizontal light shelves. A safety railing was worked out as an integral part of the window system.
The double height windows were designed to enhance the perception of the volume. Opaque coloured glass was introduced in the double height volumes to reduce the area of clear glass and cut the amount of light penetrating in the interiors.
Exposed concrete, with its allusions to timelessness, ruggedness, neutrality and honesty of expression became the clear choice as backdrop. Silver anodized aluminium windows and light shelves complemented the exposed concrete.
The entire colour wheel palette was selectively introduced in the interiors as well as on the façade as an inexpensive method of Infusing life and vibrancy.
Fig.1: Innovative facade design with exposed RCC, Silver Anodized Aluminium & coloured glass windows
Fig.2: Diagram showing phases of development
The double height windows were designed to open alternately to create varying rhythms when open. 30 per cent of opaque coloured glass usage ensured optimal light penetration as well as created an interesting pattern. Four different types of glass colours were used in the façade Classroom / academic area window – Asahi reflective glass – Enhanced lime (top pane); Enhanced aura (bottom pane); Enhanced down (Middle Pane). The three different shades of the glass were selected for each window at different level based on the reflection and UV value. The top level window was meant to enable maximum penetration of light and hence the glass was selected accordingly.
For the corridor, staircase and other allied areas enhanced down shade was used.
Fig.3 South Façade
Fig.:4 South Façade
We faced a lot of challenges in while finalizing the façade material palette. Exposed concrete was the first thing that came in our mind, but Mumbai rains and the quality of sand had to be sorted out before we could pin down on exposed concrete. The chemicals in concrete react with the rain water creating a thin moss like film. This happens only during the first rain. We located a transparent coating that could be applied to the exposed exterior concrete and prevent the chemical reaction. Sand issue was sorted out by getting specialized rendering agencies form Gujarat to clean and finish the surface post construction.
For the Aluminium Chajjas, a number of options were considered, including ACP, high pressure laminates, solid Al. Sheet, etc. But eventually we settled for inexpensive and sleek aluminium chajjas. Four 6 inch long hollow box Al. sections were connected with tongue and groove joints to create the horizontal light shelves.
Pivoted windows/using levers to operate the upper windows was a big challenge. Levers were introduced later due to the requirement raised by the operations team. Making corrections in our assumptions and incorporating the changes demanded by the users was one of the biggest challenges.
Hi-wall split indoor units on inverter based technology were the most economical option for air-conditioning and the channels to run the piping were seamlessly integrated in the structural design. Similarly light grooves were introduced in the beams to house the lights so that the light fixtures became the integral part of structure.
Project: The Green Acres Academy
Location: Chembur, Mumbai
Architect: Tushar Desai Associates, Mumbai
Developers: Apurva Natvar Parikh Group
Consultants: Services- Sheth Techno Consultants Pvt. Ltd; Structure- Multi Media Consultants Environmental- VK:e Environment
Windows: Giriraj Fenestration Engineering Pvt. Ltd; Doors: Vinod Vishwakarma
Materials for Façade: Exposed RCC, Silver Anodized Aluminium Windows, Chajjas – Silver Anodized Aluminium Windows, Glass – Asahi reflective glass, Paint for exposed RCC – Krisna concare – Acrylic TRS, Other Wall surfaces – Asian Paints
Cost of project: 30 crores
Commencement date: 2012 (Design Phase)
Year of completion: Phase 1- June 2015, Phase 2- June 2017, Phase 3- June 2019
Photography credits: Photographix India