Different Types of Windows in Building Construction for House

By July 17 , 2018
Types of Windows

Windows form a significant part of the appearance of our house. In addition to providing us security, light, breeze, etc. they also speak a lot about the choice and taste of those living there. Believe it or not, they are a crucial part of someone’s initial impressions about your home. There are various types of windows available in the market, each having their own set of pros and cons and unique characteristics. Apart from the choice of the type of windows, you will also get an option to choose the material of your windows. In the recent years, there have been great developments in this field with new materials coming into the market and replacing the older ones. This article will help you get a fair idea of the options available to you when it comes to the selection of the materials for your windows and complement you in making the right choice.

Read Also: Pricing of UPVC Windows and Doors.

Types of Windows

Out of the numerous materials that have sprung up in the market in recent times, below is the list of the top materials in terms of reliability, look, and maintenance that you should focus on for your next renovation.

  • Aluminium Windows: These are one of the most common materials used for windows. These windows can be painted according to one’s wish and require very less maintenance. They are pretty slim and thus will not eat up much of your space. Aluminium windows have been used for a long time now and are still ruling the market. You can also get a variety of finished done on the frames such as solid, matte or glossy.
  • Wooden Windows: Yes, they do sound old, but there’s a reason these windows have survived this long and are still a choice for many. These windows impart an elegant look to the house. They require comparatively higher maintenance but balance out on the royal touch they impart to the house. You can get a hand-sculpted frame or fittings for your wooden windows which are sure to awe everybody visiting your home.
  • UPVC Windows:– These are the new generation materials that have taken the market by storm. UPVC Windows are considered to be eco-friendly materials. They are highly thermal efficient and thus can help you in cutting down the costs of heating or cooling your home. They are also fire resistant and thus provide you with an added layer of safety. They are also known to be pretty good insulators and keep the outside noise at bay. These are one of the most affordable types of windows.
  • Steel Windows: – It is needless to say that these are one of the strongest and most durable types of windows that are very secure. Gone are the days when one used to worry about rusting in the case of steel windows. Now there are galvanized steel windows that do not rust over decades and have the same strength as their predecessor. You will also be able to choose from a wide range of designs to meet the look of your house.
  • Bay Windows –Medieval and Baroque touch: These windows are projected outward the main building wall and form a cozy bay which can be polygonal, half-square, semicircular, semi-hexagonal and sometimes even triangular.
    • Box Bay –Mostly used in kitchens, in interior plantation area or just for ornamentation
    • Bow Window –curved window offering wide view of the outside
    • Circle Bay –Gothic styled circular window used for dining space, in bedroom and living room
    • Oriel Window –Cost-effective and large sized and offers panoramic view far away.
  • Curved Window – Tailor-made: The handmade traditional curved windows with double-glazing are like Bay Windows but without angular edges. They seal out adverse weather and ensure security. These are used in restaurants, top floor of high-rise buildings and even in houses with patio door customization. The Victorian Turret Windows are the most beautiful types of curved windows letting light and ventilation enter.
  • Double and Single Hung Windows: While Single-hung windows have an adjustable bottom sash to let ventilation in, the Double-hung windows have two adjustable sashes to let air pass through top or bottom section or both. They are used in rooms facing roads, decks, porches or walkways. Some of them come with wooden detailing while some have durable fiberglass structure or stylish low-maintenance Vinyl structure. These windows are energy efficient.
  • Sliding Window –Yorkshire Sash Window: The horizontal sliding windows can be slid back and forth without causing any friction and can be operated easily with fingers. There are wood and vinyl windows which are affordable, wood and fiberglass windows which are eco-friendly and aluminum-clad windows with double or triple sliders –all of these offer easy light and ventilation to enter.
  • Vertical Sliding Window –Georgian Touch: With double-glazed, energy-efficient and inward-tilting panes, these windows bear the traditional touch but are contemporarily designed with flush gaskets, safety catches and secure locking system. Ovolo details on cills, sash, beads and frames give a period look and the insulation properties along with draught-prevention features make them reliable.
  • Awning Windows: With top-hinge and outward opening, the Awning Windows are weather resistant and offer easy ventilation. These windows can be combined with picture windows for versatile effectiveness. You can also place them a little higher from ground to ensure privacy. They are smaller in size and are mostly used in basements.
  • Picture Window: These windows are very large in size to dominate the wall or room where they are attached and as their name suggests, they are mostly used for offering an overlook to something attractive. They have a single glass pane and cannot be opened as they are stationary. They are energy efficient and often utilized with other combinations for maximizing the view.
  • Casement Window –ventilation-friendly: These can open fully to the left or right. They are used mostly in kitchen above the sink or room balcony. An outside hinge supports the outward opening while proper angling can let air to enter the interior directly. Glazed glasses are used in manufacturing these windows. Lever, handle or cranks are attached for opening.
  • Tilted Turn Window –European Style: These large windows can be swung in like a door and tilted with sash to the interior for allowing additional ventilation. These also act as an emergency exit option. The wooden frame, exterior casing, glazed insulated glass and divided lights make them efficient.
  • Fixed Window –Limited Light and Vision: As the name suggests, these windows cannot be adjusted (opened) and are used mostly in freezing regions where ventilation is not needed. These windows let limited light to enter and minimal vision. They are used mostly in churches.
  • Arch & Radius Window – Victorian Touch: The front-facing Arch & Radius Windows are rectangular glass windows topped with a semicircular window. Some windows can be adjustable for ventilation while others are fixed to let only sunlight in. the wooden grids on both interior and exterior sections give a strong structure while giving a dramatic effect with divided lights.
  • Combination Window: Be it a combination of slider and casement window, awning and fixed window, two picture windows, casement and a picture window or fixed and casement window – you can customize according to your need. These are mostly used in dining room, master living room or bedrooms. They offer un-obstructive view while ensuring proper ventilation.

Read Also: uPVC Windows Vs Aluminium Windows Vs Wooden Windows

These are the types of materials you should look into if you are planning to get your windows replaced. There are numerous window manufacturers providing these services. It is advised to do a thorough check on the quality and reputation of the manufacturer before making the final decision. You need to make sure that the manufacturer has skilled personnel who take care of the fittings and other related activities. By opting for new windows, you not only ensure a greater security of your house but also increase the durability.

Apart from the above-discussed windows most popularly used, there are also many types of windows like rectangular Cross windows, Eyebrow Window with Dormer, Pivot Window, Jalousie window parallel acrylic or glass panes and so on. Moreover, the Stained Glass Windows also add drama with their opaque, transparent and translucent properties.


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